The reliquary was bequeathed to the British Museum in by Ferdinand de Rothschild as part of the Waddesdon Bequest. It is made of gold, lavishly decorated with jewels and pearls, and uses the technique of enamelling en ronde bosse , or "in the round", which had been recently developed when the reliquary was made, to create a total of 28 three-dimensional figures, mostly in white enamel. Except at its base the reliquary is slim, with two faces; the front view shows the end of the world and the Last Judgement , with the Trinity and saints above and the resurrection of the dead below, and the relic of a single long thorn believed to come from the crown of thorns worn by Jesus when he was crucified. The rear view has less extravagant decoration, mostly in plain gold in low relief , and has doors that opened to display a flat object, now missing, which was presumably another relic. The reliquary was in the Habsburg collections from at least the 16th century until the s, when it was replaced by a forgery during a restoration by an art dealer, Salomon Weininger. The fraud remained undetected until well after the original reliquary came to the British Museum. King Louis IX of France bought what he believed to be the authentic Crown of Thorns in Constantinople in , and individual thorns were distributed as gifts by subsequent French kings. Previously dated between and , from evidence in John Cherry's book of the reliquary is now thought to have been made before ; based on the heraldic forms used, the museum now dates it to — Its location is unknown until an inventory of , when it belonged to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V , perhaps as an inheritance from his ancestors the Valois Dukes of Burgundy. It presumably passed to the Austrian branch of the Habsburgs on Charles V's death, as it is listed in several inventories of the Imperial Schatzkammer "treasure chamber" in Vienna from onwards.
The following post is written by Ashley Reynolds. In May of , Ashley was honored in Washington, D. It was late May of and I had just finished my freshman year of high school. Though I was dreading the fact I had to devote one month of my summer vacation to summer school, it was nothing compared to the unexpected 5 months of my life I had been a slave to a stranger I eventually learned was nearly twice my age. I payed no attention. Honestly, I just figured it was some spam chain letter and completely ignored it because I knew I had never taken a nude picture.
It can feel uncomfortable, like torment, or a form of torture, but God does not torture his children. He helps us! His help can come in the form of discipline and trials, but His purpose is always to strengthen us and conform us into the image of Christ. Three times I pleaded with the Lord to take it away from me. The Apostle Paul had reasons to boast and be conceited. He lists these in 2 Corinthians He was a Hebrew, an Israelite, and a descendant of Abraham, plus a servant of Christ. He worked harder than most, was imprisoned more frequently, flogged more severely, exposed to death repeatedly, beaten more harshly, stoned, and shipwrecked on three different occasions. He had faced danger from traveling, from rivers, from robbers, from fellow Jews, from non-Jews, from false believers, in cities, in the country, and at sea.
Roman Catholic tradition has made Saints the protectors of various aspects of life. Christian hagiography deals with the account of the Saints' lives and passion, and Christian iconography with the Saints' depiction in religious art. Catholic churches are full of images of Saints.